Composting

Along with fuel efficiency, water conservation and proper eco sanitation, home composting is one of the most environmentally beneficial activities. 

Compost is decayed, organic plant matter. Composting is the result of a complex feeding pattern where aerobic microbes (bacteria and fungi that thrive on oxygen) feed on organic waste and break it down into a nutritious soil amendment. As the compost is mixed and aerated, these organic materials break down into a rich substance the same way that plants decay and are recycled in any ecosystem. This in turn creates fluffy, arable soil known as humus. All organic matter breaks down into compost over time, but the decomposition process on its own can take quite a while. Composting creates a controlled environment to rapidly convert waste into a powerful, nutrient-rich matter that is ideal in agricultural production. And actually costs nothing as almost all organic material works in compost pile that are abundant and easily available in the project area. 

Proper compost is a highly nutritious soil amendment, buffering the pH and retaining moisture and oxygen in the soil. It can cool the soil surface and help mitigate erosion by encouraging a vigorous root system boosted by nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and other nutrients. Composting will help local households to control and suppress plant pathogens, as well as provide food for microorganisms, which keep the soil healthy and balanced. It improves the structure of problematic soils, breaking up heavy clay soils and retaining water better in sandy soils. Compost is chemically free, making it an excellent, cheaper alternative to commercial fertilizers thus saving the costs of agricultural production.

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